Located in southern Africa, Zimbabwe is a landlocked country with a rich cultural heritage, breathtaking natural wonders, and delicious cuisine. Despite facing significant political and economic challenges in recent years, Zimbabwe remains a fascinating destination for travelers seeking to explore the diverse landscapes, wildlife reserves, and vibrant culture of this African nation. In this blog post, we will take a closer look at the history, geography, politics, economy, demographics, social indicators, natural resources, technology, international relations, and food of Zimbabwe, to discover what makes this country so special.


Zimbabwe has a rich and complex history, dating back to the 11th century when the Shona people settled in the region. The Kingdom of Zimbabwe, also known as the Great Zimbabwe, was established in the 13th century and became a major trading center. The kingdom was later overtaken by the Ndebele people in the 19th century, followed by British colonization in the 1890s. Zimbabwe gained independence in 1980, and Robert Mugabe became the first prime minister of the newly independent country. Mugabe ruled for over 30 years until he was ousted in a military coup in 2017.


Zimbabwe is a landlocked country located in southern Africa, bordered by Zambia to the north, Mozambique to the east, South Africa to the south, and Botswana to the west. It covers an area of 390,757 square kilometers and has a population of approximately 15 million people. Zimbabwe has a varied landscape that includes highveld, lowveld, and the Zambezi River basin. The country is also home to several national parks, including Hwange National Park, Mana Pools National Park, and Matobo National Park.

To view a map of Zimbabwe, please visit

Politics and Governance

Zimbabwe is a presidential republic with a multi-party system. The president is both the head of state and the head of government. The current president of Zimbabwe is Emmerson Mnangagwa, who took office in 2017 following the military coup that ousted Robert Mugabe. The parliament of Zimbabwe consists of two chambers: the National Assembly and the Senate. Zimbabwe’s flag features seven horizontal stripes of green, yellow, red, black, red, yellow, and green, with a white triangle on the left-hand side and a red star and a depiction of a bird in yellow.

To view the flag of Zimbabwe, please visit

To learn more about the politics and governance of Zimbabwe, please visit the official website of the Government of Zimbabwe:


Zimbabwe has a well-developed infrastructure that includes a network of roads, railways, and airports. The country has four international airports, including Harare International Airport and Victoria Falls International Airport. Zimbabwe also has several hydroelectric power stations, including Kariba Dam and Hwange Thermal Power Station. The country’s telecommunications industry has also grown rapidly in recent years, with widespread access to mobile phones and the internet.


Zimbabwe’s economy is primarily based on agriculture, mining, and tourism. The country is a major producer of tobacco, maize, cotton, and sugarcane. Zimbabwe also has significant mineral resources, including gold, platinum, and diamonds. The tourism industry is also a growing sector, with several national parks and historical sites attracting visitors from around the world. However, the country has faced significant economic challenges in recent years, including high inflation and unemployment rates.


Zimbabwe has a diverse population that includes several ethnic groups, including the Shona, Ndebele, Tonga, and Chewa. The official languages of Zimbabwe are English, Shona, and Ndebele. The majority of the population is Christian, although there are also significant numbers of Muslims and followers of traditional African religions. The life expectancy in Zimbabwe is approximately 61 years, and the literacy rate is around 86%.

Social Indicators

Zimbabwe faces several social challenges, including poverty, high unemployment rates, and a high prevalence of HIV/AIDS. According to the World Bank, approximately 70% of Zimbabwe’s population lives below the poverty line. The country also has one of the highest HIV/AIDS prevalence rates in the world, with an estimated 13.7% of the population living with the disease.

Natural Resources

Zimbabwe is known for its rich natural resources, including minerals such as gold, platinum, and diamonds. The country is also home to several national parks and wildlife reserves, including Hwange National Park, Mana Pools National Park, and Matobo National Park. These parks are home to a variety of wildlife, including elephants, lions, and rhinos.


Zimbabwe’s telecommunications industry has grown rapidly in recent years, with widespread access to mobile phones and the internet. The country has several mobile network operators, including Econet Wireless, NetOne, and Telecel Zimbabwe. The government has also made efforts to promote the growth of the technology industry, including the establishment of innovation hubs and the introduction of tax incentives for tech startups.

International Relations

Zimbabwe is a member of several international organizations, including the United Nations, the African Union, and the Southern African Development Community. The country has had strained relations with several Western countries in recent years, due in part to allegations of human rights abuses and election rigging.

Country Code

The country code for Zimbabwe is +263.

Leading Newspaper

169Zimbabwe:The Herald
170Zimbabwe:Daily News

The leading newspaper in Zimbabwe is The Herald, which is published by the state-owned Zimbabwe Newspapers Group.

Major Problems

Zimbabwe faces several major problems, including political instability, high unemployment rates, and a struggling economy. The country has also faced significant challenges in recent years due to the COVID-19 pandemic, which has led to a decline in tourism and disrupted supply chains. Additionally, Zimbabwe has struggled with food shortages and widespread poverty, which has led to political unrest and social unrest.


The capital of Zimbabwe is Harare, which is located in the northeastern part of the country. Harare is a bustling city with a population of approximately 1.5 million people. The city is home to several cultural attractions, including the National Gallery of Zimbabwe and the Mbare Musika market.


Zimbabwe has several festivals and cultural events throughout the year. One of the most popular festivals is the Harare International Festival of the Arts, which features music, theater, and dance performances from around the world. Other notable festivals include the Zimbabwe International Film Festival, the Zimbabwe International Book Fair, and the Victoria Falls Carnival.


Zimbabwean cuisine is influenced by the country’s history and culture, with a mix of African and European flavors. Some of the most popular dishes in Zimbabwe include sadza (a cornmeal porridge), nyama (grilled meat), and muriwo (a type of spinach). Zimbabwe is also known for its traditional beer, which is made from sorghum or maize.

Zimbabwean cuisine is hearty and flavorful, with a focus on staple foods such as cornmeal, beans, and meats.

Here are some popular dishes to try:
  • Sadza: This is a staple dish made from ground maize (cornmeal) that is cooked to form a thick porridge. It is typically served with a side dish of vegetables and meat.
  • Nyama: This means “meat” in Shona, one of Zimbabwe’s main languages. Grilled meats such as beef, chicken, and goat are popular, often marinated in spices and served with a side of sadza.
  • Muriwo: This is a type of dark leafy green that is similar to spinach. It is typically boiled and served as a side dish.
  • Peanut butter stew: This is a hearty stew made with peanut butter, tomatoes, and spices. It is often served with sadza or rice.
  • Chakalaka: This is a spicy vegetable relish made with onions, tomatoes, peppers, and spices. It is often served as a side dish.

Zimbabwe also has a variety of traditional beverages, including:

  • Maheu: This is a thick, fermented drink made from maize meal, sugar, and water. It is often flavored with ginger or cinnamon.
  • Mazoe: This is a popular fruit drink made from concentrated fruit juice and sugar. It comes in a variety of flavors, including orange, raspberry, and apple.
  • Traditional beer: This is a type of beer that is made from sorghum or maize. It is often brewed at home and served in calabash gourds.

In conclusion,

Zimbabwe is a fascinating country with a rich history, diverse culture, and abundant natural resources. Despite facing several challenges, the country has made significant progress in recent years, with a growing economy and a rapidly developing technology industry. Zimbabwe’s cuisine and festivals also offer a unique glimpse into the country’s culture and traditions.


If you want to learn more about Zimbabwean cuisine and try some recipes, here are some resources to check out:

In summary,

Zimbabwe is a fascinating country with a rich culture and history, abundant natural resources, and delicious cuisine. Whether you’re interested in exploring its wildlife reserves, learning about its political and social challenges, or sampling its flavorful dishes, there is something for everyone in this vibrant African nation.

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