Togo is a small West African country that is often overlooked by travelers and tourists. However, this fascinating country has a rich history and culture, as well as significant economic and social challenges. From its diverse mix of ethnic groups to its vibrant music and dance traditions, Togo offers a unique and unforgettable experience for those who take the time to explore it.


Togo’s history is a rich and complex one, shaped by colonization, independence struggles, and political turmoil. Before colonization, the region that is now Togo was home to a number of different kingdoms, including the Ewe, Mina, and Tchamba peoples. In the late 19th century, Togo became a German colony, which lasted until the end of World War I. After the war, Togo was divided between France and Britain, with the French gaining control of the larger part of the country. In 1960, Togo gained independence from France, and has since struggled with political instability and corruption.


Togo is a narrow strip of land that runs along the Gulf of Guinea in West Africa. The country is bordered by Ghana to the west, Burkina Faso to the north, and Benin to the east. Togo’s landscape is characterized by coastal plains, plateaus, and low mountains. The highest point in Togo is Mount Agou, which reaches an elevation of 986 meters. The country is home to a number of national parks, including Fazao-Malfakassa National Park and Kéran National Park.

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Politics and Governance

Togo is a presidential republic, with the President serving as both the head of state and the head of government. The current President of Togo is Faure Gnassingbé, who has been in power since 2005. Togo has a unicameral parliament, known as the National Assembly, which consists of 91 members. The country’s political system has been marked by political instability and allegations of election fraud.

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Togo’s infrastructure is relatively underdeveloped, particularly in rural areas. The country’s road network is in need of improvement, with many roads in poor condition. Togo’s main port is located in the capital city of Lomé, which serves as a major hub for trade in the region. The country’s main airport is Lomé-Tokoin Airport, which is served by a number of international airlines.


Togo’s economy is largely based on agriculture, with crops such as cocoa, coffee, and cotton being major exports. The country also has a growing mining industry, particularly in the production of phosphate. Togo’s economy has struggled in recent years, with high levels of poverty and unemployment. The government has made efforts to improve the business climate in the country, but much work remains.


Togo has a population of approximately 8 million people, with a diverse mix of ethnic groups. The Ewe, Kabye, and Mina are among the largest ethnic groups in the country. French is the official language of Togo, although many people also speak local languages such as Ewe and Kabye. Togo has a relatively young population, with a median age of 19.7 years.

Social Indicators

Togo faces a number of social challenges, including high levels of poverty, low levels of education, and limited access to healthcare. The country’s infant mortality rate is among the highest in the world, and life expectancy is relatively low. The government has made efforts to improve social indicators, but progress has been slow.

Natural Resources

Togo is home to a number of natural resources, including phosphate, limestone, and marble. The country’s coastline also offers opportunities for fishing and tourism. Togo has made efforts to develop its mining sector, but environmental concerns and labor issues have been a challenge.


Togo’s technology sector is still in its early stages, but there has been some progress in recent years. The government has made efforts to improve access to technology, particularly in rural areas. Mobile phone penetration is relatively high, and there has been some investment in the development of tech startups.

International Relations

Togo is a member of the United Nations, the African Union, and the Economic Community of West African States. The country has close ties with France, its former colonial power, and also maintains relations with other countries in the region and beyond.

Country Code The country code for Togo is +228.

Leading Newspaper

154Togo:Togo First

The leading newspaper in Togo is Togo Presse.

Major Problems

Togo faces a number of major problems, including political instability, corruption, poverty, and limited access to healthcare and education. The country’s infrastructure is also in need of improvement, particularly in rural areas. Environmental issues, such as deforestation and soil erosion, are also a concern.

Capital, Festival and Time, and Specialty of Country

The capital of Togo is Lomé, which is located on the coast. One of the most important festivals in Togo is the Epe Ekpe festival, which takes place in the town of Glidji and celebrates the Ewe people’s culture and traditions. The festival is held every two years in January or February. Another important festival is the Evala festival, which takes place in the Kabye region and involves traditional wrestling matches. The festival is held in July. Togo is known for its vibrant music and dance traditions, particularly in the Ewe and Kabye regions.


Togo’s cuisine is influenced by the country’s diverse ethnic groups and its location on the coast. Some popular dishes include fufu, a starchy dish made from cassava, yams, or plantains, served with a sauce or soup, and akpan, a fermented corn-based dish. Seafood, particularly fish and shrimp, is also a popular part of Togolese cuisine.

In conclusion,

Togo is a fascinating country with a rich history and culture, as well as significant economic and social challenges. Despite its small size, Togo has a lot to offer, from its diverse landscape and wildlife to its vibrant music and dance traditions. While the country faces many problems, there is also hope for the future, as Togo continues to work towards greater stability, development, and prosperity.



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