South Sudan is a landlocked country located in East-Central Africa. It gained independence from Sudan in 2011, making it the youngest country in the world. Since then, it has struggled to establish stability and build its economy. In this post, we will explore South Sudan’s history, geography, politics, economy, and culture, as well as its infrastructure, demographics, social indicators, natural resources, technology, international relations, leading newspaper, major problems, capital, festivals, and food.


South Sudan has a long and complex history that is intertwined with that of Sudan. The region was initially colonized by the British, who unified it with Sudan in 1947. The people of South Sudan have long sought independence, and in 2011, they finally achieved it after decades of civil war. However, the country has been plagued by internal conflict and political instability ever since.


South Sudan is located in East-Central Africa and is bordered by Sudan to the north, Ethiopia to the east, Kenya to the southeast, Uganda to the south, the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the southwest, and the Central African Republic to the west. The country is mostly flat and covered by savanna grassland. The White Nile river flows through the country from south to north, eventually joining the Blue Nile in Khartoum, Sudan.

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Politics and Governance:

South Sudan is a presidential representative democratic republic. The president is both the head of state and the head of government. The current president is Salva Kiir Mayardit. The country’s legislative branch is the National Legislative Assembly, which consists of 400 members. South Sudan is divided into 10 states and 79 counties.

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Official Website:


South Sudan’s infrastructure is severely underdeveloped. The country has few paved roads, and most transportation is done by air or on unpaved roads. There are few hospitals or schools in the country, and access to clean water is limited.


South Sudan’s economy is primarily driven by oil exports, which account for over 90% of the country’s total exports. However, the country’s economy has been severely impacted by the conflict and instability that has plagued the country since its independence. The World Bank estimates that South Sudan’s GDP contracted by 6.9% in 2020, and the country’s inflation rate was over 100% in 2021.


South Sudan has a population of approximately 11 million people. The country is one of the most ethnically diverse in the world, with over 60 different ethnic groups. The largest ethnic group is the Dinka, who make up approximately 35% of the population. The official languages of South Sudan are English and Arabic, although there are over 60 other indigenous languages spoken in the country.

Social Indicators:

South Sudan has some of the worst social indicators in the world. The country has one of the highest maternal mortality rates and one of the lowest life expectancies in the world. According to the World Bank, only 27% of the population has access to improved sanitation facilities, and just 16% of the population has access to electricity.

Natural Resources:

South Sudan has significant oil reserves, which account for most of the country’s exports. The country also has other natural resources, including gold, copper, iron ore, and timber.


South Sudan has limited access to technology, with low rates of internet penetration and mobile phone usage. However, the country has seen some progress in recent years, with the government investing in telecommunications infrastructure and the private sector developing mobile money services.

International Relations:

South Sudan is a member of the United Nations, the African Union, and the East African Community. The country has had tense relationships with neighboring countries, particularly Sudan, with whom it has a long history of conflict.

Country Code: The country code for South Sudan is +211.

Leading Newspaper:

145 South Sudan: Eye Radio

146 South Sudan: The Citizen

147 South Sudan: Radio Tamazuj

The leading newspaper in South Sudan is Juba Monitor (

Major Problems:

South Sudan faces numerous challenges, including conflict and political instability, poverty, and underdevelopment. The country has been wracked by civil war and political instability since gaining independence in 2011. The conflict has led to displacement and the breakdown of social services, including healthcare and education. The country also faces economic challenges, including inflation and high levels of debt.

Capital, Festivals, and Specialties:

The capital of South Sudan is Juba, located in the southern part of the country. The country has several festivals throughout the year, including the South Sudan Independence Day on July 9th, which celebrates the country’s independence from Sudan. Other festivals include the Juba International Trade Fair, which showcases the country’s agricultural and industrial products, and the Yambio Cultural Festival, which celebrates the culture and traditions of the Azande people.


South Sudanese cuisine is diverse and influenced by the country’s various ethnic groups. Common dishes include stews made with vegetables, meat, or fish, and served with a type of bread called Kisra. Another popular dish is Asida, a type of porridge made from sorghum or millet. The country also produces a type of honey called Marisa, which is often used as a sweetener in traditional dishes.

In conclusion,

South Sudan is a young and complex country with a rich history and diverse culture. While the country has faced numerous challenges since gaining independence, there are signs of progress and potential for development. Understanding the country’s history, geography, politics, economy, and culture is essential for anyone looking to engage with South Sudan.


  1. “South Sudan Food and Drink Guide” by Lonely Planet (
  2. “South Sudanese Cuisine: A Melting Pot of East African Flavors” by Migrationology (
  3. “10 Must-Try South Sudanese Dishes” by Culture Trip (

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