Sao Tome and Principe is a small island nation located off the western coast of Africa. The islands were uninhabited when Portuguese explorers first arrived in the 15th century. They quickly established a settlement on Sao Tome, which became an important center for sugar production and slave trade. The islands gained independence from Portugal in 1975 and have since developed a unique culture and economy.


Sao Tome and Principe consists of two main islands, Sao Tome and Principe, as well as several smaller islands. The islands are volcanic in origin and have lush tropical forests, beautiful beaches, and unique wildlife. The islands are located in the Gulf of Guinea, about 250 kilometers off the coast of Gabon.

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Politics and Governance:

Sao Tome and Principe is a democratic republic with a multi-party system. The President is both the head of state and government, and is elected by popular vote for a five-year term. The country’s parliament, the National Assembly, is made up of 55 members who are elected for a four-year term. Sao Tome and Principe is known for its stability and peaceful transitions of power.

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Sao Tome and Principe has made significant investments in infrastructure in recent years, including improvements to the country’s roads, ports, and airports. However, the country still faces challenges in providing reliable electricity and clean water to all of its citizens.


Sao Tome and Principe’s economy is largely based on agriculture, with cocoa and coffee being the main export crops. The country has also developed a small tourism industry, thanks to its beautiful beaches and unique wildlife. However, the economy is still relatively underdeveloped, and the country relies heavily on foreign aid.


Sao Tome and Principe has a population of around 220,000 people. The official language is Portuguese, although many people also speak Forro, a creole language that developed on the islands. The country is known for its friendly and welcoming people, as well as its rich cultural heritage.

Social Indicators:

Sao Tome and Principe has made significant progress in improving social indicators such as literacy rates and healthcare. However, the country still faces challenges in providing basic services to all of its citizens, particularly those living in rural areas.

Natural Resource:

Sao Tome and Principe is known for its rich biodiversity, with many unique species of plants and animals found only on the islands. The country has also recently discovered oil reserves in its territorial waters, which could provide a significant boost to the economy in the coming years.


Sao Tome and Principe is still developing its technology sector, although the government has implemented policies to support the growth of the industry. The country has also made efforts to increase internet access and digital literacy among its citizens.

International Relations:

Sao Tome and Principe has diplomatic relations with several countries and is a member of several international organizations, including the United Nations and the African Union. The country has also worked to strengthen ties with other African nations through initiatives such as the African Union’s Agenda 2063.

Country Code:

The country code for Sao Tome and Principe is +239.

Leading Newspaper:

127 Sao Tome and Principe: Téla Nón https://www.telanon.info/

128 Sao Tome and Principe: Jornal Tropical STP https://www.jornaltropical.st/

129 Sao Tome and Principe: STP Digital https://www.stpdigital.net/

The leading newspaper in Sao Tome and Principe is Jornal Tropical. It covers national and international news, as well as local events and culture.

Major Problems:

Sao Tome and Principe faces several significant challenges, including poverty, limited access to basic services such as healthcare and education, and a lack of economic diversification. The country is also vulnerable to climate change, with rising sea levels and increasing frequency of extreme weather events threatening its coastal communities.


The capital of Sao Tome and Principe is Sao Tome City, located on the island of Sao Tome. It is the largest city in the country and the center of its government, economy, and culture.

Festival and Time and Specialty of Country:

One of the most important festivals in Sao Tome and Principe is the Sao Joao festival, which takes place in June. The festival celebrates the feast of St. John the Baptist and features parades, music, and traditional dancing. The country is also known for its unique cuisine, which includes dishes such as calulu, a fish stew, and moqueca, a seafood stew.


Sao Tome and Principe’s cuisine is a blend of African, Portuguese, and Brazilian influences, reflecting the country’s history and culture. Some of the most popular dishes include:

  1. Calulu: a fish stew made with onions, tomatoes, okra, and smoked fish, served with rice or cassava.
  2. Moqueca: a seafood stew made with fish, shrimp, or crab, cooked in coconut milk and flavored with garlic, onions, and peppers.
  3. Feijoada: a bean and meat stew, similar to the Brazilian dish of the same name.
  4. Grilled fish: fresh fish caught off the coast of Sao Tome and Principe, grilled and served with a variety of side dishes.
  5. Pao de Mel: a traditional cake made with honey, spices, and nuts, often served with coffee or tea.


In conclusion, Sao Tome and Principe is a small island nation with a rich history, culture, and natural beauty. From its unique cuisine to its lush tropical forests and beautiful beaches, there is much to discover and explore in this hidden gem of Africa. While the country faces several challenges, including poverty and limited access to basic services, it remains a peaceful and stable nation with a bright future. Whether you’re interested in history, culture, or simply relaxing on the beach, Sao Tome and Principe is a destination worth considering for your next travel adventure.


  1. Sao Tome and Principe Tourism Official Website: https://www.stp-tourism.com/en/
  2. Sao Tome and Principe on Lonely Planet: https://www.lonelyplanet.com/sao-tome-and-principe
  3. Sao Tome and Principe on National Geographic: https://www.nationalgeographic.com/travel/destinations/africa/sao-tome-and-principe/
  4. Sao Tome and Principe on UNESCO: https://whc.unesco.org/en/statesparties/st/
  5. Sao Tome and Principe on World Bank: https://data.worldbank.org/country/sao-tome-and-principe