Ivory Coast was initially inhabited by various ethnic groups, such as the Akan, Baoule, and Senoufo. The first European to arrive in Ivory Coast was the Portuguese explorer, Diogo Cão, in 1482. The country later became a major center of the transatlantic slave trade, and many of its people were forcefully taken to the Americas. Ivory Coast was colonized by the French in the late 19th century, and it gained independence in 1960.


Ivory Coast is a coastal country that borders Ghana, Burkina Faso, Mali, Guinea, Liberia, and the Atlantic Ocean. The country has a land area of approximately 322,463 square kilometers and a population of over 26 million people. Ivory Coast has a tropical climate with two main seasons, the wet season and the dry season. The country’s terrain consists of mostly flat to undulating plains, with some mountains in the west and southwest.

Map Image Web Link: https://www.worldatlas.com/maps/cote-d-ivoire

Politics and Governance:

Ivory Coast is a presidential republic with a multiparty political system. The president serves as the head of state and government, and they are elected for a five-year term. The country’s legislative branch is made up of the National Assembly, which has 255 members. The judiciary branch is independent and consists of a Supreme Court, the Court of Appeals, and lower courts.

Flag Image Web Link: https://www.worldatlas.com/flags/cote-d-ivoire

Official Website: https://www.gouv.ci/


Ivory Coast has made significant progress in infrastructure development in recent years. The country has an extensive road network, with over 80,000 kilometers of paved and unpaved roads. Ivory Coast also has two international airports and several regional airports. The country’s energy sector is dominated by hydroelectric power, and it has a total installed capacity of over 2,000 megawatts. Ivory Coast is also investing heavily in renewable energy, particularly solar power.


Ivory Coast is the world’s largest producer and exporter of cocoa beans, which account for a significant portion of the country’s economy. The country also has significant deposits of gold, diamonds, and other minerals. Agriculture is the mainstay of the country’s economy, accounting for over a third of its GDP. Ivory Coast has implemented several economic reforms in recent years, and its economy has grown at an average rate of 8% per year since 2012.

Demographics and Social Indicators:

Ivory Coast has a diverse population, with over 60 ethnic groups. The largest ethnic group is the Akan, which comprises approximately 42% of the population. French is the official language, but over 80 indigenous languages are also spoken. Ivory Coast has a young population, with a median age of 19 years old. The literacy rate is around 56%, and life expectancy is approximately 57 years old. The country faces significant challenges in healthcare, education, and poverty reduction.

Natural Resources:

Ivory Coast is rich in natural resources, including cocoa, coffee, timber, oil, and gas. The country is the world’s largest producer and exporter of cocoa beans, which are a major source of foreign exchange earnings. Ivory Coast also has significant deposits of gold, diamonds, and other minerals. The country has a diverse ecosystem, with several protected areas, including Taï National Park, Comoé National Park, and Marahoué National Park.


Ivory Coast has made significant progress in technological development in recent years. The country has a thriving technology sector, with several local startups and international companies setting up shop. The government has invested heavily in the ICT sector, and it has launched several initiatives to promote digital literacy and entrepreneurship. Ivory Coast has one of the highest mobile penetration rates in West Africa, with over 25 million mobile subscribers.

International Relations:

Ivory Coast is a member of several international organizations, including the United Nations, African Union, and Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS). The country has friendly relations with many countries, particularly France, its former colonizer. Ivory Coast has also played a leading role in regional peacekeeping efforts, particularly in Liberia and Sierra Leone.

Country Code: +225

Leading Newspaper:

70Ivory Coast:Fraternité Matinhttps://www.fratmat.info/
71Ivory Coast:Le Patriotehttps://lepatriote.net/
72Ivory Coast:Le Nouveau Réveilhttps://www.lenouveaureveil.com/

Fraternité Matin (http://www.fratmat.info/)

Major Problems:

Ivory Coast faces several challenges, including political instability, corruption, poverty, and social inequality. The country has experienced several coups and civil wars since its independence, which have hampered its development. Ivory Coast also has high levels of corruption, which affects the efficiency of its institutions and undermines public trust. Poverty remains a significant challenge, particularly in rural areas, where access to basic services is limited.

Major Problems:

  1. Political instability: Ivory Coast has experienced several coups and civil wars since its independence in 1960. The country has struggled to maintain stable and effective governance, which has hampered its development.
  2. Corruption: Ivory Coast has high levels of corruption, which affects the efficiency of its institutions and undermines public trust. The government has launched several initiatives to combat corruption, but progress has been slow.
  3. Poverty: Despite recent economic growth, poverty remains a significant challenge in Ivory Coast, particularly in rural areas. The government has launched several poverty reduction programs, but progress has been limited.
  4. Social inequality: Ivory Coast has significant disparities in income and access to basic services between urban and rural areas and between different ethnic groups. This has contributed to social tensions and political instability.
  5. Healthcare: Ivory Coast faces significant challenges in providing adequate healthcare to its population. The country has a high burden of communicable diseases, including HIV/AIDS, malaria, and tuberculosis.
  6. Education: Ivory Coast also faces significant challenges in providing access to quality education. The literacy rate is around 56%, and access to education is limited, particularly in rural areas.
  7. Environmental degradation: Ivory Coast has experienced significant environmental degradation in recent years, including deforestation and soil degradation. This has had negative impacts on the country’s agriculture sector and its natural resources.


Yamoussoukro is the political capital of Ivory Coast, and Abidjan is the economic capital. Yamoussoukro is known for its impressive Basilica of Our Lady of Peace, which is one of the largest churches in the world. Abidjan is a vibrant and bustling city, with a population of over 4 million people.

Festival and Time and Specialty of Country:

Ivory Coast has several festivals and cultural events throughout the year. The Abissa festival is celebrated by the Baoule people in September, and it is a time for spiritual renewal and thanksgiving. The Fête du Dipri festival is celebrated by the Yacouba people in November, and it is a time for honoring ancestors and seeking blessings for the coming year. The country is also known for its vibrant music and dance scene, particularly the zouglou and coupé-décalé genres.


Ivory Coast has a rich culinary tradition, with a diverse range of dishes influenced by its various ethnic groups. The country’s cuisine is known for its use of local ingredients, such as cassava, plantains, and yams. Some popular Ivorian dishes include kedjenou (chicken stew), attiéké (fermented cassava couscous), and foutou (mashed plantains or yams). The country is also famous for its coffee and cocoa, which are often used in desserts and beverages.

In conclusion,

Ivory Coast is a country with a rich history, diverse population, and abundant natural resources. Despite facing several challenges, the country has made significant progress in recent years, particularly in infrastructure development and economic growth. The country’s government has launched several initiatives to promote social welfare, including poverty reduction programs and efforts to improve access to education and healthcare. Ivory Coast’s diverse culture, vibrant music scene, and delicious cuisine make it an exciting destination for travelers and a fascinating subject for research and study.


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