• Eswatini was previously known as Swaziland and gained independence from British rule in 1968.
  • It is one of the few remaining monarchies in Africa, with King Mswati III as the current ruler.


  • Eswatini is a landlocked country in southern Africa, bordered by South Africa and Mozambique.
  • It has diverse landscapes, including mountains, savannah, and forests.

Politics and Governance:

  • Eswatini is an absolute monarchy, where the king has ultimate authority and appoints the prime minister and cabinet.
  • Political parties are banned, and the parliament is largely ceremonial.


  • Eswatini has a limited road network, and public transportation is largely informal.
  • The country has limited access to electricity, with many rural areas lacking power.


  • Eswatini’s economy is heavily dependent on agriculture, particularly sugarcane and forestry.
  • It is also a major exporter of soft drink concentrate and has a growing manufacturing sector.


  • Eswatini has a population of approximately 1.2 million people.
  • The majority of the population is ethnic Swazi, with smaller populations of Zulu and Tsonga.

Social Indicators:

  • Eswatini has a high prevalence of HIV/AIDS, with an estimated 27% of the population living with the disease.
  • The country has a high level of income inequality, with a significant wealth gap between the ruling elite and the rest of the population.

Natural Resources:

  • Eswatini has significant deposits of coal, iron ore, and diamonds, though these resources are largely untapped.


  • Eswatini has limited access to technology, with low internet penetration rates and limited access to electricity.

International Relations:

  • Eswatini has close ties with South Africa and is a member of the Southern African Development Community (SADC).

Country Code:

  • The country code for Eswatini is +268.

Leading Newspaper:

49Eswatini (formerly Swaziland):Swazi Observerhttp://www.observer.org.sz/
50Eswatini (formerly Swaziland):Times of Swazilandhttps://www.times.co.sz/
51Eswatini (formerly Swaziland):Eswatini Newshttps://www.eswatininews.com/
  • The leading newspaper in Eswatini is the Swazi Observer.


  • Eswatini faces significant economic challenges, including high unemployment and poverty rates.
  • The country also struggles with a high prevalence of HIV/AIDS and limited access to healthcare.
  • Political freedom and freedom of the press are limited, with journalists and activists facing harassment and intimidation.
  • Eswatini has not experienced any significant terrorist attacks.


  • The capital of Eswatini is Mbabane, though the administrative capital is Lobamba.


  • In addition to the Umhlanga Reed Dance and Incwala Festival, Eswatini also celebrates the Marula Festival, which honors the fruit of the marula tree.
  • The Sibhaca Dance Festival is also an important cultural event, featuring traditional Swazi dances and music.


  • Eswatini is known for its traditional handicrafts, including intricate beadwork, weaving, and woodcarving.
  • The country is also home to several national parks, including Hlane Royal National Park and Mlawula Nature Reserve, which offer opportunities for wildlife viewing and outdoor recreation.
  • The traditional Swazi monarchy and culture are also a significant part of the country’s identity and heritage.


  1. Eswatini Government Portal: https://www.gov.sz/
  2. Eswatini Tourism Authority: https://www.thekingdomofeswatini.com/
  3. Central Bank of Eswatini: http://www.centralbank.org.sz/
  4. Eswatini Environmental Authority: https://www.sea.org.sz/
  5. Eswatini Economic Policy Analysis and Research Centre: http://www.eepar.org.sz/
  6. Swazi Observer: http://www.observer.org.sz/
  7. Times of Swaziland: http://www.times.co.sz/
  8. UNAIDS Eswatini: https://www.unaids.org/en/regionscountries/countries/eswatini