- Equatorial Guinea was colonized by Portugal and Spain in the 15th century.
- The country gained independence from Spain in 1968.
- Since independence, the country has been ruled by a series of authoritarian leaders.
- Equatorial Guinea is located on the west coast of Africa.
- The country consists of a mainland region and several islands.
- The country shares borders with Cameroon and Gabon.
Politics and Governance:
- Equatorial Guinea is a presidential republic with a one-party system.
- The current president is Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo, who has been in power since 1979.
- The country has been criticized by international organizations for its human rights record and lack of political freedom.
- The country has a limited infrastructure, particularly outside of the capital city.
- The road network is poorly maintained, and many areas are not accessible by road.
- The country has limited access to electricity and clean water.
- Equatorial Guinea has a small but wealthy economy due to its oil reserves.
- Oil exports make up the majority of the country’s GDP.
- The country has a high level of income inequality, with most of the wealth concentrated in the hands of a small elite.
- The population of Equatorial Guinea is estimated to be around 1.4 million.
- The official languages are Spanish, French, and Portuguese.
- The country has a high population growth rate, but also a high infant mortality rate.
- Equatorial Guinea has a low level of education and healthcare, particularly outside of the capital city.
- The country has a high level of poverty and unemployment.
- The country has a high level of HIV/AIDS.
- Equatorial Guinea has significant oil reserves, as well as natural gas and timber.
- The country also has some mineral deposits, including gold and uranium.
- Equatorial Guinea has a limited telecommunications infrastructure.
- The country has low levels of internet and mobile phone penetration.
- Equatorial Guinea is a member of the United Nations and the African Union.
- The country has close ties to Spain, its former colonial power, as well as to China and other countries with significant oil interests in the region.
- The country code for Equatorial Guinea is +240.
|44||Equatorial Guinea:||Diario Rombe||https://diariorombe.es/|
|45||Equatorial Guinea:||La Opinion Guinea Ecuatorial||https://laopinionguinea.com/|
- The leading newspaper in Equatorial Guinea is Diario Rombe.
Equatorial Guinea faces a number of significant problems, including:
- There have been no major terrorist attacks in Equatorial Guinea in recent years.
- Political repression: The country has been ruled by the same president since 1979, and there is little political freedom or opposition. The government has been criticized by international organizations for its human rights record, including torture, arbitrary detention, and restrictions on free speech and assembly.
- Corruption: The country’s oil wealth has led to widespread corruption and a concentration of wealth in the hands of a small elite. Transparency International ranks Equatorial Guinea as one of the most corrupt countries in the world.
- Poverty and inequality: Despite the country’s oil wealth, poverty is widespread, particularly in rural areas. Income inequality is also very high, with most of the wealth concentrated in the hands of a small elite.
- Limited infrastructure: The country has a very limited infrastructure, particularly outside of the capital city. The road network is poorly maintained, and many areas are not accessible by road. The country also has limited access to electricity and clean water.
- Healthcare: Equatorial Guinea has a very low level of healthcare, particularly outside of the capital city. The country has a high infant mortality rate, and many preventable diseases are common.
- Education: The country has a very low level of education, particularly outside of the capital city. Many children do not attend school, and the quality of education is poor.
- Environmental degradation: The country’s oil industry has led to significant environmental degradation, including deforestation and pollution.
- Humanitarian crisis: In 2021, the country faced a humanitarian crisis following a series of explosions at a military base in Bata. The explosions killed dozens of people and displaced thousands, exacerbating existing problems with poverty, healthcare, and infrastructure.
- The capital of Equatorial Guinea is Malabo.
Festival and time:
- The most important festival in Equatorial Guinea is the Feast of St. Joseph, which is celebrated on March 19th.
- The country is in the Central Africa Time Zone.
- One of the most significant festivals in Equatorial Guinea is Independence Day, which is celebrated on October 12th each year. This holiday marks the country’s independence from Spain in 1968. The celebrations include parades, music, and dancing.
- Another important festival in Equatorial Guinea is the International Day of the African Child, which is celebrated on June 16th each year. This holiday commemorates the Soweto Uprising in South Africa in 1976, when thousands of students protested against the apartheid government. The day is marked by events and activities focused on the rights of children in Africa.
- In addition to these national holidays, Equatorial Guinea also celebrates a number of traditional festivals, particularly in rural areas. These festivals are often tied to the agricultural calendar, and include celebrations of harvests, planting seasons, and other milestones in the agricultural cycle. These festivals typically feature music, dance, and traditional foods, and are an important part of local culture and identity.
Specialty of the country:
- Bioko Island: Equatorial Guinea is home to Bioko Island, which is known for its unique biodiversity and stunning natural beauty. The island is home to several endemic species, including the Bioko drill monkey and the Bioko python.
- Spanish influence: Equatorial Guinea is one of the only countries in Africa where Spanish is an official language, due to its history as a Spanish colony. This has had a significant impact on the country’s culture, language, and cuisine.
- Oil production: Equatorial Guinea is one of the largest oil producers in Africa, and the country’s economy is heavily dependent on oil exports. The oil industry has brought significant wealth to the country, but has also led to issues with corruption and environmental degradation.
- Traditional art: Equatorial Guinea has a rich tradition of traditional art, including sculpture, painting, and weaving. Many of these art forms are tied to local cultural traditions and are passed down through generations.
- Music and dance: Music and dance are an important part of Equatorial Guinean culture, with a diverse range of styles and genres. Popular musical forms include makossa, soukous, and salsa, and traditional dance styles include the buala and the makila.
- African and European fusion: Equatorial Guinea is a unique blend of African and European cultures, due to its history as a Spanish colony and its location in central Africa. This fusion is reflected in the country’s cuisine, music, and architecture, and has contributed to its rich cultural heritage.