The Democratic Republic of Congo was previously known as Zaire, and before that, it was called the Belgian Congo. It gained independence from Belgium in 1960 and went through a series of political upheavals and conflicts, including a civil war that lasted from 1998 to 2003. The country has also been affected by the Rwandan genocide in 1994, which spilled over into the DR Congo.



The DRC is located in central Africa and is the second-largest country on the continent by area. It shares borders with nine other countries, including Rwanda, Uganda, and Angola. The country is home to a diverse range of ecosystems, including tropical rainforests, savannas, and mountains.

Politics and Governance:


DR Congo is a presidential representative democratic republic, with the president serving as both head of state and head of government. The current president is Félix Tshisekedi, who was elected in 2019. The country has faced numerous political challenges, including corruption, human rights abuses, and conflict.


DR Congo’s infrastructure is underdeveloped, with many areas lacking basic amenities such as electricity and clean water. The country’s road network is also limited, with many areas accessible only by river or air transport.


DR Congo’s economy is heavily dependent on the mining industry, with mineral exports accounting for around 90% of the country’s exports. The country also has vast potential in the agricultural sector, but it remains largely untapped. Poverty and inequality are significant issues, with more than 70% of the population living below the poverty line.


DR Congo has a population of over 105 million people, making it the fourth-most populous country in Africa. The country has over 200 ethnic groups, with the four largest being the Kongo, Luba, Mongo, and Bantu. The official language is French, and Swahili is also widely spoken.

Social Indicators:

DR Congo faces significant challenges in terms of social indicators, including high rates of poverty, malnutrition, and maternal and child mortality. The country also has one of the lowest literacy rates in the world, with only around 77% of adults able to read and write.


DR Congo has a relatively low level of technological development, with limited access to electricity and the internet. However, the country has made some progress in recent years, with the mobile phone industry expanding rapidly and internet penetration increasing.

International Relations:

DR Congo has faced significant challenges in its international relations, including conflicts with neighboring countries and allegations of human rights abuses. The country has also received aid and support from various international organizations and countries, including the United Nations, the European Union, and China.

Capital of Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) : Kinshasa

The capital of the DRC is Kinshasa, which is located on the banks of the Congo River. The city is home to approximately 15 million people and is the largest city in the country.

Country Code: The country code for DR Congo is +243.

Leading Newspaper:

37DR Congo:Actualite.cdhttps://actualite.cd/
38DR Congo:Le Potentielhttps://www.lepotentielonline.com/
39DR Congo:Top Congo FMhttps://www.topcongofm.com/

One of the leading newspapers in DR Congo is Le Potentiel.


The DRC faces a number of significant challenges, including ongoing conflict in certain regions, poor infrastructure, and poverty. The country has also faced outbreaks of diseases such as Ebola and measles, and there are concerns about the impact of climate change on the country’s ecosystems.


One of the major festivals in the DRC is the Kinshasa Carnival, which takes place in the capital city every year in February or March. The carnival features parades, music, and dancing, and is a celebration of the country’s diverse cultures.

  1. Fête de l’Indépendance – DRC Independence Day (June 30th)
  2. Festival des élephants – Elephant Festival (December)


Time: Central African Time (UTC+2)


The DRC is known for its rich natural resources, including minerals, timber, and wildlife. The country is home to a number of national parks and reserves, including Virunga National Park, which is home to endangered mountain gorillas.

  1. Natural Resources: DRC is rich in natural resources, including copper, cobalt, gold, diamonds, and coltan, which is used in electronic devices.
  2. Congo River: The Congo River is the second-longest river in Africa and is the deepest river in the world, making it an important transportation route.
  3. Wildlife: DRC is home to a diverse array of wildlife, including gorillas, chimpanzees, elephants, and okapis.
  4. Music: DRC is known for its vibrant music scene, particularly the genre of Congolese rumba, which has had a significant impact on African and global music.
  5. Cuisine: DRC’s cuisine is influenced by its French, Belgian, and indigenous cultures, with popular dishes including fufu (a starchy porridge), cassava leaves, and maboke (steamed fish wrapped in banana leaves).

Web Link for Festival and Specialty: https://www.worldtravelguide.net/guides/africa/democratic-republic-of-congo/


The cuisine of the DRC is diverse and varies by region. Some popular dishes include fufu, a starchy dish made from cassava or plantains, and moambe chicken, a dish made with chicken cooked in a tomato and peanut butter sauce. The country is also known for its coffee, which is grown in the highlands of the east.

Web Link and Resource for Food: https://www.196flavors.com/democratic-republic-congo-moambe-chicken/