Egypt is known for its rich history dating back to ancient civilizations, such as the Pharaohs and the Nile River Valley. The country has also been influenced by the Greeks, Romans, and Ottoman Turks. In 1952, Egypt became a republic and declared independence from the British Empire.


Egypt is located in North Africa and the Middle East, bordered by Libya to the west, Sudan to the south, and Israel to the northeast. The country is primarily composed of desert, and the Nile River runs through it, providing the majority of its arable land.

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Politics and Governance:

Egypt is a republic with a semi-presidential system of government. The President is the head of state and the Prime Minister is the head of government. The Parliament is bicameral, consisting of the House of Representatives and the Senate.


Egypt has invested heavily in infrastructure in recent years, with new roads, bridges, and other transportation projects being built across the country. However, there are still issues with traffic congestion in major cities and access to clean drinking water in rural areas.


Egypt’s economy is one of the largest and most diversified in the Middle East and North Africa. The country is known for its tourism industry, as well as its exports of natural gas and petroleum products.


Egypt has a population of approximately 102 million people, making it the most populous country in the Arab world. The majority of the population is Muslim, and the official language is Arabic.

Social Indicators:

Egypt has made progress in improving social indicators in recent years, including reducing poverty and increasing access to education. However, there are still challenges related to income inequality and gender equality.

Natural Resources:

Egypt is known for its natural gas and petroleum reserves, as well as its arable land along the Nile River. The country is also home to a variety of minerals, including gold and iron.


Egypt has a growing technology sector, with a number of startups and innovation hubs emerging in recent years. The country is also investing in infrastructure to support the development of 5G networks.

International Relations:

Egypt has traditionally played an important role in regional politics, and has been involved in a number of international conflicts. The country is a member of the United Nations, the Arab League, and the African Union.

Country Code: +20

Leading Newspaper:

41Egypt:Al-Masry Al-Youm
42Egypt:Daily News Egypt

Major Problems:

  • High unemployment rates, particularly among young people
  • Political instability and security concerns
  • Access to clean drinking water and sanitation
  • Income inequality and poverty
  • Gender inequality

Capital: Cairo

Cairo is the capital and largest city in Egypt, with a population of over 20 million people.

Festival and Time:

Egypt celebrates a variety of festivals and holidays throughout the year, including Eid al-Fitr, which marks the end of Ramadan, and Eid al-Adha, which commemorates the willingness of Abraham to sacrifice his son. Other major holidays include Coptic Christmas and Sham el-Nessim, which marks the beginning of spring.

  • Ramadan: Ramadan is a month-long religious festival during which Muslims fast from sunrise to sunset. It is celebrated across the country and is an important part of Egyptian culture.
  • Abu Simbel Festival: This festival takes place in February and celebrates the construction of the Abu Simbel temples. It includes a variety of cultural events and activities.
  • Egyptian Museum: The Egyptian Museum in Cairo is home to a vast collection of ancient artifacts, including the famous treasures of King Tutankhamun.


Egyptian cuisine is known for its use of spices and herbs, and is heavily influenced by Mediterranean and Middle Eastern flavors. Popular dishes include ful medames (a breakfast dish made with fava beans), koshari (a vegetarian dish made with rice, lentils, and pasta), and molokhia (a stew made with jute leaves).

  • Ful medames: A breakfast dish made with fava beans and spices.
  • Koshari: A hearty dish made with lentils, rice, and macaroni, topped with a spicy tomato sauce.
  • Shawarma: A popular street food made with grilled meat, vegetables, and a variety of sauces.

Web link for food: Resource: The Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities ( is a good resource for information about Egypt’s history, culture, and tourist destinations.

Specialty of Egypt:

  • Pyramids of Giza: The pyramids are one of the most famous tourist attractions in Egypt and are considered to be one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.
  • The Sphinx: The Sphinx is a statue of a mythical creature with the body of a lion and the head of a human. It is located near the pyramids and is another popular tourist destination.
  • The Nile River: The Nile River is the longest river in the world and is an important source of water for Egypt. It has been a key part of Egyptian civilization for thousands of years.

Web link for specialty:

Newspapers :

Groups :

UN and EU :

Official Website :

Official Website

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Peaceful Conflict Resolution :

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World War I (1914-1918):

Key Events of the Korean War :