Here is an overview of Cameroon’s history, geography, politics and governance, infrastructure, economy, demographics, social indicators, technology, international relations, country code, leading newspaper, and notable problems:


Cameroon gained independence from France and the United Kingdom in 1960. The country has experienced periods of political instability, including a secessionist conflict in the Anglophone regions since 2016.


Cameroon is a country in Central Africa. It is bordered by Nigeria to the west, Chad to the northeast, the Central African Republic to the east, Gabon, Congo, and Equatorial Guinea to the south, and the Atlantic Ocean to the southwest.

Politics and Governance:

Cameroon is a presidential representative democratic republic. The president is both the head of state and government. The country has been criticized for its human rights record, including the treatment of opposition politicians and journalists.


Cameroon has made progress in developing its infrastructure, particularly in transportation, energy, and telecommunications. The country has invested in improving its road network and expanding access to electricity.


Cameroon has a diverse economy, with agriculture, oil and gas, and services being the main sources of income. The country has made progress in improving its business climate, although poverty remains a challenge.

The economy of Cameroon is largely based on agriculture, with cocoa, coffee, cotton, and oil being major exports. The country also has significant mineral resources, including bauxite, iron ore, and gold. Despite this, poverty remains a major issue, with high levels of unemployment and inequality.


Cameroon has a population of over 26 million people, with English and French being the official languages. The country has a young population, with over 60% of the population under the age of 25.

Social indicators:

Cameroon faces significant challenges in improving social indicators such as healthcare and education. The country has one of the highest infant mortality rates in the world, and literacy rates remain low.


Cameroon has made progress in increasing access to technology, particularly in expanding mobile phone and internet access. The country has also invested in improving the quality of its telecommunications infrastructure.

International relations:

Cameroon has had a stable relationship with its neighbors, although the country has faced criticism for its response to the secessionist conflict in the Anglophone regions. The country is a member of the African Union and the Commonwealth of Nations.

The capital

The capital of Cameroon is Yaoundé.

Official Website

Country code:

The country code for Cameroon is +237.

Leading Newspaper:

19Cameroon:Cameroon Tribune
21Cameroon:Le Jour

The leading newspapers in Cameroon include Cameroon Tribune and Mutations.

Notable problems:

Cameroon has faced security challenges, particularly in its northern regions, where the Boko Haram terrorist group has carried out attacks. The country has also faced violence related to the Anglophone secessionist conflict.

Cameroon is a culturally diverse country with over 200 ethnic groups, and therefore celebrates many festivals throughout the year.

Some of the major festivals in Cameroon include:

  1. Ngondo Festival – celebrated by the Sawa people in December or January. It’s a celebration of the end of the fishing season and the beginning of the new year.
  2. Nguon Festival – celebrated by the Bamoun people in December or January. It’s a celebration of the harvest season and includes colorful processions, traditional dances, and feasting.
  3. The National Festival of Arts and Culture (FENAC) – held annually in different cities across Cameroon in February. It’s a celebration of the country’s cultural diversity and includes traditional dances, music, art, and cuisine.
  4. The Cameroon International Film Festival – held annually in Buea in April. It’s a celebration of African cinema and attracts filmmakers, actors, and movie enthusiasts from around the world.

Cameroon is known for its vibrant culture, including its traditional music, dance, and art. It’s also home to several national parks, such as the Waza National Park and the Korup National Park, which are known for their diverse wildlife and stunning natural beauty.

Additionally, Cameroon is one of the largest producers of cocoa in the world, and its cocoa beans are highly sought after by chocolatiers for their rich flavor.

The largest city is Douala

The capital of Cameroon is Yaoundé, but the largest city is Douala. The official languages are French and English, due to Cameroon’s colonial history as a former French and British colony. Cameroon has a population of over 26 million people, with over 200 ethnic groups, including the Bantu, Fulani, and Kirdi.

Cameroon has a rich cultural heritage, with traditional music, dance, and art being an important part of the country’s identity. Football (soccer) is also a popular sport in Cameroon, with the national team being a powerhouse in African football.


Cameroon faces numerous challenges, including political instability, corruption, and human rights violations. The country has been marred by armed conflict in recent years, with ongoing separatist movements in the Anglophone regions, as well as conflict with Boko Haram in the Far North region. The government has been accused of human rights abuses in these conflicts, including extrajudicial killings and torture.