Algeria has a long and complex history, with the region being inhabited by various groups over thousands of years. It was ruled by the Phoenicians, Romans, and Ottoman Turks, among others, before becoming a French colony in the 19th century. Algeria gained independence in 1962 after a brutal war of independence.


Here’s a map of Algeria:

Algeria is located in North Africa and is the largest country on the continent. It has a diverse landscape that includes deserts, mountains, and a Mediterranean coastline. The country shares borders with Tunisia, Libya, Niger, Mali, Mauritania, Western Sahara, and Morocco.

Politics and Governance:

Here’s the flag of Algeria:


The official website:

Algeria is a presidential republic with a president as the head of state and a prime minister as the head of government. The country has a multi-party system, with the National Liberation Front (FLN) being the dominant party.


Algeria has been investing heavily in infrastructure development in recent years, with projects focused on improving transportation, telecommunications, and energy. The country has a modern road network, several major ports, and an expanding railway system. It also has a growing telecommunications sector and has invested in renewable energy projects.


Algeria’s economy is largely driven by the oil and gas industry, which accounts for over 90% of the country’s exports. The country is also a major producer of natural gas and has significant mineral resources. However, the Algerian economy has been affected by a drop in oil prices in recent years, leading to a need for economic diversification. The government has implemented reforms aimed at encouraging private investment and improving the business environment.


Algeria has a population of approximately 44 million people, with Arabic as the official language. The country is predominantly Muslim, with Sunni Islam being the dominant religion. Berber is also widely spoken, especially in rural areas.

Social Indicators:

Algeria has made significant progress in improving social indicators such as healthcare and education in recent years. The country has a literacy rate of over 80% and has invested in expanding its healthcare system.

Natural Resources:

Algeria has significant natural resources, including oil, gas, iron ore, phosphates, lead, and zinc. The country also has significant solar and wind energy potential.


Algeria has a growing technology sector, with several startups emerging in recent years. The government has also invested in expanding internet access and improving digital infrastructure.

International Relations:

Algeria is a member of the United Nations, the African Union, and the Arab League. The country has maintained a policy of non-alignment in international affairs and has been involved in diplomatic efforts to resolve conflicts in the region.

Country Code:

The country code for Algeria is +213.

Leading Newspaper:

One of the leading newspapers in Algeria is El Watan:

1Algeria:El Watan
3Algeria:Le Quotidien d’Oran

Major Problems:

  • High unemployment: Algeria has struggled with high levels of unemployment, particularly among young people. According to the World Bank, the youth unemployment rate in Algeria was 26.4% in 2020.
  • Corruption: Corruption is a significant problem in Algeria, with the country ranking 104th out of 180 countries in Transparency International’s 2021 Corruption Perceptions Index.
  • Terrorism: Algeria has faced ongoing security challenges from extremist groups, particularly in the country’s southern and eastern regions. The government has taken steps to improve security, including increasing military presence in affected areas and strengthening border controls.
  • Political instability: Algeria has experienced periods of political instability in recent years, with protests leading to the resignation of former president Abdelaziz Bouteflika in 2019.

Festival and Time:

  • Independence Day: July 5th is celebrated as Independence Day in Algeria, marking the country’s independence from France in 1962.
  • Eid al-Fitr: Eid al-Fitr is a major religious holiday in Algeria, marking the end of the month-long fast of Ramadan. The date of the holiday varies based on the lunar calendar.
  • Mouloud: Mouloud is a celebration of the birth of the Prophet Muhammad and is an important holiday in Algeria. The date of the holiday varies based on the lunar calendar.


  • Traditional music: Algerian music is diverse and includes styles such as Rai and Chaabi. The country has produced several well-known musicians, including Cheb Khaled and Rachid Taha.
  • Cuisine: Algerian cuisine includes dishes such as couscous, tagines, and brik, which are pastries filled with meat or vegetables. The country is also known for its use of spices such as cumin, coriander, and saffron.
  • Handicrafts: Algeria has a rich tradition of handicrafts, including pottery, weaving, and leatherwork. The city of Tlemcen is known for its intricate tile work and embroidery.
  • Architecture: Algeria has a mix of traditional and modern architecture, with examples of Islamic, French colonial, and contemporary styles. The Kasbah of Algiers is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is an example of traditional Algerian architecture.


Algerian cuisine is diverse and reflects the country’s history and cultural influences. It includes dishes such as couscous, tagines, and brik, which are pastries filled with meat or vegetables. The country is also known for its use of spices such as cumin, coriander, and saffron. Mint tea is a popular drink in Algeria and is often served with meals.

Resources: Here are some resources you may find helpful for learning more about Algeria: